New Plants For 2017
Most of these will be available starting mid to late April.
Caltha palustris - Marsh marigold
Marsh marigold is related to the buttercup family and is native to marshes. It doesn’t look like a marigold and is not related to marigolds. It grows in full sun to part shade in shallow water or wet, boggy soils. Will bloom best in full sun but needs some shade in the heat of summer, in fact if it is too hot for it in the summer it may go dormant. The bright yellow blooms appear in spring on 12”-18” tall hollow stems. Flowers give way to seed pods which split open when ripe to send seeds flying out. No part of this plant should be eaten raw but the flower buds may be cooked and pickled in vinegar. Young leaves can be boiled and used as greens. Good for bog gardens or pond edges.
Sun-Semi Shade, Wet Soil, Yellow, Spring, 1-1 ½ ft. Tall, Zones 3-7
Chamerion angustifolium - Fireweed
Fireweed is a strongly-spreading wildflower that spreads by rhizomes and grows 2-5 feet tall on an upright, stiff woody, often reddish stem with willow like leaves and topped by bright pink to lilac-purple outward facing flowers which bloom in summer. They bloom bottom to top of each raceme and unopened buds at the top. It is found in North America in a variety of locations including open woods, roadsides, open fields, low valleys to tree lines in the mountains. This striking flower is native to Alaska, all Canadian provinces and down southward in the Appalachians Mountains to Georgia and the Rocky Mountains to Colorado and Sierras to California. The common name refers to its sudden growing habit in places previously devastated by wildfires or volcanoes. Uses are groups or mass in rock gardens, borders or cottage gardens.
Semi-Shade, Dry-Moist Soil, Pink to Purple, July-September, 4 to 6 ft. Tall, Zones 3-7
Eurybia macrophylla - Big Leaf Aster
This Aster is best known for its large 4-8” wide basal leaves. It’s best growth and flowering happens in part shade but it will grow in full shade. In the best growing conditions, it spreads by rhizomes and will self-seed to form colonies. It has a purplish stem with the large heart-shaped basal leaves and smaller ovate upper leaves. The flat topped clusters of violet to pale blue flowers with yellow centers bloom on its sticky stalks in August and September. The tender young leaves may be cooked and eaten as greens. Macrophylla comes from the Greek words for large leaf (4-8” long) and is commonly called lumberjack toilet paper. Grows well in open shade gardens and woodland gardens
Part shade, Average Soil, Violet/Pale Blue, Summer-Fall, 1-2 ft. Tall, Zones 3-8
Eutrochium maculatum - Spotted Joe Pye Weed
This herbaceous perennial is easily grown in medium to wet soils in full sun and prefers moist, humus soils that do not dry out. They are sometimes called Spotted Joe Pye Weed which refers to the stems, not the leaves, which are sometimes purple and sometimes green with purple spots. These plants can grow 4-7 feet tall on branched stems with 8” long medium green leaves, and the flowers are showy and fragrant, rose to deep purple from mid-summer to early fall. Butterflies are attracted to these wildflowers and they are deer resistant. Excellent for native plant gardens, water margins and back borders with a reputation for low maintenance.
Full sun, Medium-Wet Soil, Rose Purple, July – September, 4-5 ft. Tall, Zones 4-8
Eutrochium purpureum - Sweet-scented Joe Pye Weed
This Joe Pye weed is a tall native perennial that grows in low, moist ground, wooded slopes, and other moist places. It is an erect, clump forming plant that grows 4-7 feet tall and forms serrated, dark green leaves (to 12” long). Tiny vanilla scented, pinkish-purple flowers in large domed shape forms that bloom in mid-summer to early fall. The flowers form seed heads that last well into the winter. It is sometimes thought of as a roadside weed not seriously considered for its outstanding attributes. When planted in groups or massed it really makes an impact, good also for rear borders, meadows or along ponds. Butterflies are attracted to it and it is Deer resistant.
Sun-Shade, Moist-Humus Soil, Pinkish-Purple, Summer-Fall, 5-7 ft. Tall, Zones 4-9
Helenium autumnale - Dogtooth Daisy
This is an upright clumping perennial wildflower, with stout green winged stems and shallow fibrous roots. Leaves are lance shaped about 5” long. Stems end in many 2” daisy-like heads and each head has a golden globe shaped cluster of disc florets surrounded by yellow or bronze ray florets. Each ray is narrowly triangular with two teeth on the tip, thus called Dogtooth Daisy. Flowering begins in late summer and may continue up to 2 months. Avoid fertilization which causes stems to become weak. These plants are pest resistant and Deer will not eat. Native bees, honeybees, butterflies and beetles seek the nectar. The foliage is bitter and poisonous to livestock
Shade-Semi Shade, Moist Soil, Yellow/Bronze, July-September, 2-5 ft. Tall, Zones 3-8
Helianthus strumosus - Woodland Sunflower
This sunflower belongs to the aster Family and is one of 20 species of Sunflowers with yellow disk flowers. It has 3 to 15 flowers at the top of stems, 1 ½ to 4 inches across with 8 to 20 petals and a yellow center disk. Stems are mostly smooth but may be rough near the flowers, but have hairy leaves about 2 ½ to 7 “long, ¾ to 4” wide. They grow in open woods, roadsides and woodland edges to 3 to 6’ tall and bloom July to September. The yellow flowers stand out in fields near the open woods where the wind can blow them around for germination. They also spread by rhizomes which will keep them more together in one area. Birds and Butterflies are pollinators and they are considered Deer Resistant.
Full Sun-Semi, Average Soil, Yellow, July-October, 3-6 ft. Tall, Zones 3-8
Meehania cordata - Creeping Mint
This is a beautiful deciduous, herbaceous perennial ground cover that spreads in part shade and moist, well-drained to average soil. It will tolerate a dry shady site but may not spread as freely or bloom as profusely. Its long trailing stems run across the ground and root as they trail. In late Spring the blue violet flowers open above the green carpet of leaves to about 2 to 4” tall. Meehania cordata is a beautiful substitute for Ajuga or Lamium and an excellent nectar source for beneficial insects and bees, moths and butterflies. This beautiful ground cover is easy to propagate from stem cuttings and by division. It is a very useful ground cover for dark corners as well as part shady areas of your landscape.
Semi Shade, Moist, Average Soil, Blue-Violet, Late Spring, 2 to 4 inches Tall, Zones 5-8
Parthenium integrifolium - Wild Quinine
One of the most desired garden plants because it has good form, excellent foliage, beautiful blooms, a long bloom time and is resistant to disease and weather problems. Wild quinine grows to about 3-4’ tall in full sun and rich, loamy soils, is drought resistant and suitable for xeriscaping. White flower heads, each with 5 tiny ray flowers in clusters tops the excellent foliage. It is a good substitute for Yarrow as it is a reliable bloomer which lasts from late spring through the entire summer. Its preference is full sun but it will tolerate some shade and spreads through rhizomes more than seeds because the seeds are usually not widely spread.
Full Sun, Loamy Soil, White, June-September, 3-5 ft. Tall, Zones 4-8
Phlox glaberrima - Marsh Phlox
Marsh Phlox, also known as Smooth Phlox, prefers rich, moist soil, in fact it tolerates more soil moisture than most other species of Phlox. A summer mulch helps keep roots cool. It is a clump-forming perennial which grows 2-4’ tall. This is one of the few tall Phlox to bloom in the spring, with reddish-purple tubular flowers atop a stiff upright stem that seldom needs staking. It also has excellent mildew resistance but spider mites can be a problem if it is hot and dry. Garden uses are good for perennial borders, native plant and open woodland gardens. It makes a good cut flower and attracts Hummingbirds and Butterflies.
Sun–Semi, Rich, Moist Soil, Reddish Purple/Pink, April-May, 2-4 ft. Tall, Zones 3-8
Rudbeckia triloba - Brown-eyed Susan
This is considered a short-lived perennial but since it freely self-seeds it will remain in your garden from year to year. They differ from Black-eyed Susan’s by having a more profuse bloom of smaller yellow flowers with fewer rays per flower head and a brown-purple center disk. They grow best in full sun and average, moist, well-drained soil. Deadheading encourages more blooms and prevents unwanted self-seeding. There are no serious insect or disease problems but they are somewhat susceptible to powdery mildew. They tolerate some drought and different kinds of soil. You will like this excellent addition to your wildflower meadow, borders and/or cottage gardens. It attracts Butterflies and is Deer resistant.
Full Sun, Moist, Well-drained soil, Yellow, July-October, 2-3 ft. Tall, Zones 4 to 8
Silphium tereinthinaceum - Prairie Dock
This herbaceous perennial is a member of the Aster family. The species name comes from Greek meaning “like turpentine” referring to the stem resins. At the base of the plant are large leaves surrounding the stem which emerges into a naked stalk ranging from 3' to 10' high which divides into a panicle of yellow flowers and green buds. Blooming period usually occurs from late summer to early fall, it prefers full sun, loamy soil and moist to slightly dry conditions. It is a slow to establish plant which may not flower the first year, It may lean some but does not usually need support, There are no serious insect or disease problems. Its height makes it good for a rear border in any wildflower or native plant garden.
Full Sun, Average to Poor Soil, Yellow, July to September, 3 – 10 ft. Tall, Zones 4 to 8
Solidago flexicaulis - Zig Zag Goldenrod
This zig zag goldenrod gets its common name from the stems which are sometimes may not always be zig zag. The leaves are toothed, road ovate 2-7” long and pointed at the tip. Flowers appear in small clusters on upper parts of the stem from mid-summer to fall. They are easily grown in average soil in full sun to part shade, but will tolerate full shade and some dry soil. These flowers may spread from rhizomes or may be grown from seed. Goldenrods are wrongfully accused of causing hay fever which is really an allergic reaction to wind borne plants like ragweed. There are no serious disease problems but rust may occur, also powdery mildew and leaf spot. The flowers are attractive to Butterflies.
Full Sun-semi, Average Soil, Yellow, July to September, 1 to 3 ft. Tall, Zones 3-8
Solidago rigida - Stiff Goldenrod
Stiff goldenrod is a Monarch favorite, adaptable to many conditions and from clay to dry sand. The sturdy stems serve as perches for songbirds who eat the seeds as a late season food. Grows in open woods, to meadows. It features tiny, right yellow, daisy like flowers, larger than many other goldenrods, growing atop the stiff, broad-leaved, hairy stems which grow 3-5 ft. tall. Leaf rust is an occasional problem and may need to be divided every 2 to 3 years to control growth. They are a striking addition to flower arrangements and are attractive to bees as well as butterflies in meadows and native plant gardens.
Full Sun, Average Soil, Yellow, August-September, 3-5 ft. Tall, Zones 3-9
Solidago speciosa - Showy goldenrod
The name tells it all, it is one of the showiest of the many goldenrods. It spreads by rhizomes in average, well-drained soil in full sun, but will tolerate dry soil. It's tiny, bright yellow flowers bloom atop the narrow-leaved, reddish stems which grow 2-3 feet tall, mid to late summer. Another case of goldenrods being accused of causing hay fever, but as stated before hay fever is actually an allergic reaction to wind borne pollen from plants such as ragweed, there are no serious inset or disease problems but can have occasional rust on leaves. Dividing every 2 to 3 years will help control growth. Another flower attractive to bees and butterflies and tolerates Deer and drought in your wild garden or in meadows.
Full Sun, Average Soil, Yellow, July September, 2 to 3 ft. Tall, Zones 3-8
Symphyotrichum cordifolium - Blue Wood Aster
More commonly known as Blue Wood Aster this herbaceous perennial is easily grown in full sun to part shade. If you will pinch back the stems several times before middle of July they will be bushier and eliminate staking. They will self-seed in your garden so if you don’t want the seed to fall cut them to the ground after blooming. This is a stout, leafy plant with smaller sharply-toothed ovate leaves up top and lower ones are heart-shaped. There are small pale blue to rich blue daisy-like flowers with yellow centers from late summer to early fall which are attractive to Butterflies.
Sun to Shade, Moist, Rich Soil, Pale to Rich Blue, August to September, 2-5 ft. Tall, Zones 3-8
Symphyotrichum ericoides - Heath Aster
This is a herbaceous perennial native to the central and eastern United States. It is white with a yellow center and likes full sun and forms into a bushy compact plant with many branched stems which grows 1 to 3 feet tall with small blooms. You will most often find it in open fields in late summer to early fall. Also works well for borders, rock gardens and native plant gardens. If you put in dry areas it works well as a dense ground cover with numerous ½ inch white flowers with gold centers. It is a showy low maintenance aster which attracts Butterflies. It is mildew resistant and will tolerate poor soil if well drained in full sun.
Sun, Dry to Medium Soil, August-October, White, 1-3 ft. Tall, Zones 3-10
Symphyotrichum prenanthoides - Crooked Stem Aster
This Aster is an easy to grow ground cover for dry, sunny locations. Because it is a native plant it can be part of a good seed mixture. The showy mounds of blooms it makes in summer is striking. It is attractive to pollinators and many insects feed on the foliage and other parts of it, including the caterpillars of the butterfly. Its flowers are fragrant with as many as 30 blue ray florets per flower and it spreads through stolons (horizontal stems that produce new plants from buds). The flowers give way to flat, brown dry fruits after blooms fade. A tea made from the roots of Crooked Stem Aster has been used to treat fever in babies and colds and kidney ailments in adults.
Sun to Semi Shade, Moist-Loamy Soil, Blue, Summer, 1-4 ft. Tall, Zones 4-7
Verbena hastata - Swamp verbena
This verbena commonly blue Vervain, grows in wet meadows, steam banks, moist fields or wet river bottomlands. It is a clump-forming perennial on a stiff upright, square hairy stem which grows 2-4 feet tall, features purplish-blue flowers on pencil-like spikes of tiny tubular blooms which appear over a long July-September period. The blooms appear on each spike from bottom to top, a few at a time. Verbena typically forms colonies in the wild by spreading rhizomes and self-seeding. They may self-seed in gardens with good growing conditions, but may be short-lived. There are no serious insect or disease problems, and are suited for wet meadows, native plant gardens, etc.
Full Sun, Medium-Wet Soil, Purplish Blue, July to September, 26 ft. Tall, Zones 3-8
Verbena stricta - Hoary verain
This is a shot lived perennial with stems that are light green to dull reddish purple and covered with long white hairs. The oval shaped leaves are covered with fine white hairs, especially on the lower side. The upper stems have hairy floral spikes crowded with blue-purple flowers which bloom from the bottom up, only a few flowers in bloom at one time, primarily in the summer. You can easily grow these flowers in average, dry to medium well-drained soil in full sun, sometimes grown in dry sandy soils. Naturalizes by self-seeding to form colonies. If you want to prevent self-seeding remove the flowers after blooming. They are easily grown from seed and usually bloom in the second year after seeding. Four brown nutlets are produced per flour and the root system consists of tap roots which may send up multiple stems. No serious insect or disease problems and is attractive to butterflies. It may have difficulty competing with other flowers.
Full Sun, Average to Dry soil, Blue-Purple, May to September, 2 to 4 ft. Tall, Zones 4-7
Viola labradorica - Alpine violet
This viola is a beautiful ground cover for shady sites. It has dark purple foliage during the cool weather of spring and fall, as the temperatures rise the color fades to a light green. In mid-spring small purple flowers appear just above the leaves and they flower sporadically all season long. It is easily grown in average well-drained soil in sun or part shade and spreads aggressively by creeping stems and self-seeding. It has no serious insect or disease problems and works well in moss as a ground cover, filler between stepping stones and rock gardens. It provides cover for small wildlife. Left alone it will spread in naturalized areas. Cardinals and other songbirds eat the seeds, also it attracts butterflies and tolerates Deer.
Full Sun to Semi, Average Soil, Purple, May, 1-3inches Tall, Zones 3-8
Zizia aurea - Golden Alexander
This herbaceous perennial prefers full to partial sun but can tolerate light shade under trees with moist, loamy soil, even some rocky soil will work. This perennial grows up to 2 ½ feet tall, forming lateral stems that are light green, hairless and shiny, there are lower compound leaves that are shorter. Yellow flowers, 21 in each umbellate, appear at ends of upper stems. The root system is a cluster of coarse fibrous roots. Seeds can be difficult to germinate and foliage disease hardly ever occurs. The showy flowers are attractive to many kinds of insects and butterfly caterpillars feed on the leaves and flowers. These are showy in open woodland areas and wild or native plant gardens. A good cut flower.
Full Sun-Semi, Average Soil, Yellow, May-June, 1-3 ft. Tall, Zones 3-8